A made-to-measure shoe is created (2) Last and model
The lasts are then made according to the customer’s foot measurements – this is also referred to as “straightening”. The last is the positive of the foot over which the actual shoe is made later. This means that a custom shoe requires a custom and individual pair of lasts to be made. A ready-to-wear shoe, on the other hand, uses a standard last that is designed to fit as many people as possible. Read more in our blog post Difference Custom Shoe Confection Shoe.
The dimensional molding can be made in different ways, which may vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. Some use a base strip of wood, which is built according to the dimensions of the foot. Others use a modular system of strips made of plastic and configure the strip according to the dimensions of the customer. Still others work the molding out of a block of wood by hand or moldings are foamed with a special molding foam. All last variants have one thing in common – the customer-specific foot measurements are transferred to them and determine the subsequent fit.
The individual last now serves as a template when designing and modeling the socket. The upper is understood to be the assembled individual parts of the upper material and lining of the later shoe – it thus forms the upper part of the shoe from the bottom of the shoe (the sole) upwards.
First, modeling determines the later appearance of the shoe by drawing the design on the last. Next, a basic paper model is made, onto which all the important lines, seams and details are transferred from the last. Thus, the three-dimensional, spatial template is reduced to a two-dimensional surface.
This is followed by detailing – the basic model is disassembled into its individual parts and technically required additions are made. In the end, a set of templates is created over which the individual parts of the upper and lining material can be cut.
Find out what the next step in the manufacturing process looks like in the upcoming blog post. Please